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tel:03-3352-6916 | email: info@ira.tokyo
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Seki Ran Kai

POSTED IN | , , 2/11/2007
In April 1921, in the wake of the Japanese Socialist League, which was formed in December of 1920, the Seki Ran Kai (Red Waves Society) was formed with the adoption of socialism as its goal. It was the first anti-imperialist women's body in Japan, a time when women were banned from participation in any political association. Immediately after its formation, they participated in the second May day with their hand-made flag and earned plaudits from comrades of various labor movements and political organizations. They were vigorously suppressed by the police force and two members were taken into long-term custody. Though there were clamp-downs, they actively carried on their movement by holding a lecture on women's problems in June, giving a five-day series of summer lectures in July, and, as needed, distributing newspapers and pamphlets denominated as Book Day. In the fall of the same year, on the occasion of extensive maneuvers by army troops, members of the Seki Ran Kai distributed anti-military, anti-war fliers to the military personnel who stayed at different private residences. This action was regarded as a secret publication by police. The public saw this incident as the Seki Ran Kai persuading the army to turn red. Key members were taken into long-term custody, which made it difficult for them to hold regular meetings on a monthly basis and naturally led to their dissolution after their 8 month activities. However, most members dedicated their whole life to social movements, women's movements, and anti-war movements. Those members were Kikue Yamakawa (advisor), Noe Ito (advisor), Shizue Akizuki, Atuko Adachi, Sadako Ibuki, Shige Iwasa, Tai Kaibara, Satsuki Kataoka, Chiyo Kitagawa, Fusako Kutsumi, Tameko Sakai, Magara Sakai, Tayoko Takatsu, Chiyo Takano, Hide Takeuchi, Setsu Tannno, Teru Nagakura, Sadayo Nakasone, Ine Nakanomyoh, Shige Nakamura, Fuku Nakamura, Miki Nakamura, Haru Hashiura, Riku Hashiura, Yasuko Hori, Chieko Morisaki, Kosizu Yamaguchi, Kazuko Yoshikawa, and Koh Watanabe.


赤瀾会は、一九二一年四月、前年秋の日本社会主義同盟の結成を契機に、当時政治結社への参加を禁止されていた女性たちが、堂々と実名を名乗り、社会主義を標榜して結成した、日本初の婦人団体です。
 結成直後に開催された第二回メーデーに手製の会旗を掲げて參加、労働運動、思想団体の同志たちの喝采をあび、またそれだけに二人の会員が長期拘留されるなど、警察の厳しい弾圧をあびることになりました。そうした弾圧にめげず、六月には婦人問題講演会を、七月には五日連続の夏期講習会を開催、また随時ブックデーと称して新聞やパンフレットを頒布するなど活発な運動を繰り広げました。
 この年秋の陸軍大演習に際して、民家に分宿した兵士たちに反軍反戦ビラを配布したことを秘密出版とされ、軍隊赤化事件と世に騒がれ、中心メンバーを長期拘留され、毎月の例会を開催することも困難となり、わづか八ヶ月の活動で自然解散となりました。
 しかしながら、顧問の山川菊榮、伊藤野枝をはじめとし、会員の秋月靜枝、足立篤子、伊吹貞子、岩佐しげ、貝原たい、片岡さつき、北川千代、九津見房子、堺爲子、堺眞柄、高津多代子、高野千代、竹内ひで、丹野せつ、永倉テル、仲宗根貞代、中名生いね、中村しげ、中村ふく、中村みき、橋浦はる、橋浦りく、堀保子、森崎智惠子、山口小靜、吉川和子、渡邊幸等の各氏は、惜しいことに若く亡くなられた方もいましたが、日本の社会運動、婦人運動、反戦運動に生涯をかけて取り組みました。


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